Andy Warhol

Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, August 6, 1928, he was one of the most important exponents of Pop Art, as well as one of the most famous artists of the twentieth century. The son of two ethnic Slovakian immigrants of Rutena, Ondrej Varchola and Júlia Justína Zavacká, Andy Warhol studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology from 1945 to 1949, the year he moved to New York. The Big Apple immediately offered the artist various opportunities for work: Warhol soon began working as an advertising graphic designer in several magazines, including Vogue, Glamor and Harper’s Bazar, obtaining numerous consents immediately. After having reported serious gunshot wounds at the hands of the mad feminist Valerie Solanas, the only member of the SCUM (Society for Cutting Up Men), who on June 3, 1968, shot at Warhol and his then-mate, Mario Amaya, the eclectic artist decided to slowly reduce his presence on the public stage. On February 22, 1987, in New York, Andy Wharol died during a simple gallbladder surgery; the funeral took place in Pittsburgh.
Painter, graphic artist and director, Andy Warhol was an all-around artist, as well as the greatest proponent of the concept of reproducibility and commercialization of the work of art. After the first exhibitions dating back to the fifties, the eclectic artist began to make the first serigraphs around 1962, choosing as subject for his works comic book characters, commercial products and icons symbol of his time. From Superman to Popeye, through the bottles of Coca-Cola and the cans of soup, the images chosen by Warhol were taken from the American mass culture and then elaborated in series, so as to bring to the extreme consequences the concept of an art that had to be consumed, just like all commercial products. Eager to devote himself to a larger project, in 1962 Andy Warhol founded the Factory, a studio in which the collaborators of the pop art initiator produced screen prints, but also a meeting point for artists and superstars. It is in these years that Marylin, the most famous work of Andy Warhol, comes to life. In 1967, the artist created 10 silk-screen prints on paper depicting the face of the American diva. These became part of a larger collection, begun a few years earlier, in which Warhol portrayed several famous personalities of the time, including Mao Tse-Tung and Che Guevara. The genius of Andy Warhol did not stop only at painting, but he invaded different areas of art. From the world of cinema – field, this, in which he managed to bring out the most transgressive aspects of his art, telling of drugs, prostitution, and homosexuality – to that of publishing and journalism (Interview magazine since 1969), also appearing in universe of music in which he became the financier of the first album of the Velvet Underground. In 1980, he became a producer of Andy Warhol’s TV, a television he founded.

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